Effects of softwood morphology and chip thickness on pulping with a displacement kraft batch process.

ABSTRACT This study examines the effect of softwood raw-material properties on pulp quality. Logs of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris), Norway spruce (Picea abies), and loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) were the raw materials. Wood from Scots pine and Norway spruce was further classified by age as (a) pulpwood (mature wood and older thinnings) or (b) young wood (first thinnings and top…