Carbon cycle and circular bioeconomy

The main source for new raw materials for circular bioeconomy is the productive biological carbon cycle formed by the biosphere and the atmosphere (Figure 1)

The forest sector and the idea of circular bioeconomy

The idea of bioeconomy is that various human needs and desires are fulfilled by sustainable utilisation of renewable natural resources like forests, increasingly also in substitution for the exploitation of non-renewable fossil resources, such as oil, natural gas and coal.